TIC (April, 2018) 
Basic Facts:
  The Center for Disease Control reported prescription and illicit opioids are the main driver of drug overdose deaths. Opioids were involved in 42,249 deaths in 2016, and opioid overdose deaths were five times higher in 2016 than 1999.
In 2016, the five states with the highest rates of death due to drug overdose were West Virginia (52.0 per 100,000), Ohio (39.1 per 100,000), New Hampshire (39.0 per 100,000), Pennsylvania (37.9 per 100,000) and Kentucky (33.5 per 100,000).
In 2016, unintentional drug overdoses caused the deaths of 4,050 Ohio residents, a 32.8% increase compared to 2015 (3,050 overdose deaths).

Trauma Informed Care is related to Opioid Use: 

The brief, “Trauma-Informed Approaches Need to be Part of a Comprehensive Strategy for Addressing the Opioid Epidemic,” provides evidence of a correlation between traumatic experiences and drug abuse.  According to scientific research studies, there is a “clear dose response relationship between the number of trauma experiences and increased risk of prescription drug misuse in adults.”

  • Over 80% of the patients seeking treatment for opioid addiction had at least 1 ACE (i.e., adverse childhood experience or one form of childhood trauma).  Almost 2/3 reported that they witnessed violence in childhood.
  • Sexual abuse and parental separation (for women) and physical and emotional abuse (for men) appear to be particularly highly correlated with opioid abuse.
  • People who experience childhood trauma are more likely to display antisocial behavior and to have addiction histories.
  • Students who have experienced ACEs are more likely to report chronic pain symptoms that interfere with daily activities.
  • Individuals who experience ACEs and chronic pain symptoms are more likely to be prescribed multiple prescription medications, making them more likely to seek opioids for pain relief in adulthood.  This creates a pathway to addiction.